Can Water Be Too Pure for Drinking?

lady drinking glass of pure water and smiling

Yes, water can be too pure for drinking. As strange as it sounds, it’s true. Water that is stripped of its minerals can damage your health in the long run. These minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, are crucial for your health. They contribute to bone strength and overall well-being. Ultra-pure water lacks these essential minerals and drinking it can lead to mineral deficiencies and health problems.

a glass of 100% pure water

Key Takeaways

• Drinking Pure Water can Harm Your Health due to the Lack of Essential Minerals.

• It can lead to Mineral Deficiencies and Potential Health Issues Over Time.

• Striking a Balance between Water Purity and Mineral Content is Key.

Can You Drink 100% Pure Water?

No, drinking 100% pure water is not a good idea. If water is 100% pure, it means it’s missing some important stuff, such as minerals. These minerals, like calcium and magnesium, are super important for keeping you healthy. They help your bones stay strong and contribute to your overall health.

man drinking a glass of water

So, if you drink 100% pure water, you will reduce the amount of important minerals you get. This is not good. It can cause a mineral deficiency and your health will take a hit. Your body needs the minerals that are found in regular drinking water.

Instead, you need to find a balance in your drinking water. You want it clean enough to be safe to drink, but not so pure that it’s missing all the good stuff, like minerals. So, next time you’re thirsty, aim for regular drinking water and give pure water a skip.

The Risks of Drinking Ultra-Pure Water

What are the risks of drinking ultra-pure water? If you drink it regularly over a period of time you may experience any of the risks below.

• Mineral Deficiency

Drinking ultra-pure water can be harmful to your health. Especially if you drink it regularly over time. It can lead to mineral deficiencies in your body. And, these minerals are essential for bone strength and overall well-being.

• Electrolyte Imbalance

It can also have an effect on your electrolyte levels. Electrolytes are minerals that carry electrical charges and play essential roles in various bodily functions. They play a crucial role in the normal running of nerve and muscle function. And, they help you stay hydrated and maintain a healthy pH balance. When you drink ultra-pure water it can dilute electrolyte levels in your body.

• Corrosive Effect

Additionally, pure water can have a corrosive effect due to its lack of minerals. It has the ability to leach harmful substances from pipes and water containers that are used to transport and store it. Corrosion can lead to the release of heavy metals and other contaminants into the water.


The Importance of Minerals in Drinking Water

What is the importance of minerals in drinking water? Water minerals play a crucial role in your health and well-being. Their importance cannot be overstated. Essential minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium are key. Here’s why they matter.

woman drinking pure water

Bone Health

First up is bone health. Minerals like calcium and magnesium are essential for maintaining strong and healthy bones. They contribute to your bone density and strength. This reduces the risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Especially as we get older.

• Muscle Function

Potassium, magnesium, and sodium are electrolytes that play a key role in muscle contraction and relaxation. They help regulate the nerve impulses that control muscle movement. Without them, your muscles will not function properly and you can suffer cramps and spasms.


Electrolytes like sodium and potassium regulate fluid balance in your body. They help ensure you maintain healthy hydration levels. These minerals allow cells to absorb and retain water as they need it. This helps prevent dehydration and maintains healthy cellular activity.

Heart Health

Minerals like potassium and magnesium are essential for maintaining a healthy heart. They help regulate your heart rhythm and blood pressure. They play a key role in the function of the heart muscle and help reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Nutrient Absorption

Trace minerals found in drinking water, such as zinc and selenium are key helpers in metabolism and nutrient absorption. They play a role in various enzymatic reactions in your body and contribute to energy production and overall metabolic health.


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What Type of Water Do Goldfish Need?

kid looking at a goldfish in a bowl

Goldfish need clean freshwater that is free from pollutants, toxins, and bacteria that can harm them and cause sickness. The water temperature should be maintained between 68°F-72°F and it should be filtered to remove debris and waste. If you want to learn more about the water requirements for goldfish, we have got you covered with everything you need to know.  Below we cover everything you need to know about – What Water Does Goldfish Need.

What Water Does Goldfish Need?

Choosing the right type of water and maintaining its quality is vital for the health and longevity of a goldfish. After all, it spends all day swimming around in a little bowl of water. In the wild, goldfish live in freshwater streams and bodies of flowing water. If you want your goldfish to thrive, you need to recreate these conditions in your home.

two goldfish in a goldfish bowl

To protect your goldfish and provide the best possible living conditions you need to choose the correct type of water, maintain a comfortable temperature, and keep the water clean to remove pollutants and debris. Below, we run through everything you need to know about – what water does a goldfish need?

Source Water: Tap, Bottled, Purified, or Distilled Water?

First up, you need to choose the correct type of water. Many people choose tap water for their fish tanks and aquariums. However, this is not an ideal source of water for goldfish. Tap water contains many added chemicals such as chlorine and chloramine that can harm goldfish. If you choose to use tap water you need to remove these chemicals before adding them to your fish tank or fish bowl.

A water conditioner can be used to remove these harmful chemicals and make the water suitable for housing goldfish. Other options include purified water or bottled spring water. These water sources are often chemical-free, have a suitable pH, and a healthy mineral content. Note, distilled water is unsuitable for goldfish as it contains nutrients and minerals needed for healthy development.

Water Chemistry: The Role of pH & Water Hardness

When choosing the best water for a goldfish you need to consider water chemistry. And, in particular, pH and water hardness. Goldfish need water with a pH in the range of 7.0 and 8.4. If you want your goldfish to be healthy, you need to check the pH level and make adjustments as necessary.

child looking at a goldfish in a bowl

Also, water hardness plays a key role and needs to be monitored. Goldfish are best suited to moderately hard water with a mineral content of between 150-300 ppm. Water hardness helps the fish maintain healthy scales and fins. And, soft water can lead to health issues and infections. Test kits can be used to monitor both pH and hardness and adjustments can be made by adding additives to optimize water conditions.

Water Temperature: How to Maintain Optimal Temperature

Water temperature is critical when it comes to creating a healthy and comfortable living environment for goldfish. In the wild, goldfish live in cold water environments. And, to recreate this you should aim for a water temperature between 68°F-72°F. This is equivalent to 20°C-22°C.

If the water is too warm it will reduce oxygen levels and promote the growth of harmful bacteria. And, if it is too cold it will inhibit the fish’s metabolism and trigger health problems. For goldfish to thrive, you should avoid temperature fluctuations and maintain a stable temperature of 68°F-72°F.

The best way to achieve this is to use a good quality aquarium heater that will monitor water temperature and make temperature adjustments as and when needed. Check the water temperature periodically using a thermometer to ensure the heater is working properly and the water temperature is within range.

Water Filtration: Keeping the Water Clean

One of the most important tasks in providing the best water possible for a goldfish is water filtration. Installing a good filtration system will keep the water clean and fresh. Harmful pollutants, toxins, and debris are removed from the tank water as it is circulated through the water filters.

man holding a goldfish in a glass of water

There are many different types of fish tank filters on the market. Our advice is to choose a filtration system that can handle twice the water volume of your fish tank. And, to keep it in good working order – make sure you replace the filters as they approach the end of their life cycle. The most popular types of water filters used for goldfish are canister filters, sponge filters, and power filters.

Changing the Water: Replacing With Fresh Water

Regular water changes are an essential part of ensuring goldfish water care. Although filters will remove much of the built-up water debris – you’ll still need to perform a water change once per week. What water does goldfish need? They need clean, fresh water and this is where water changing comes into play.

Every week you need to replace 10-20% of the water in the tank with fresh clean water. If you have a 10-liter tank you’ll need to remove 1-2 liters of water and replace this with an equal amount of fresh water. Regular changes are a great way of keeping your goldfish comfortable, healthy, and happy.


Other Tips for Maintaining Good Goldfish Water Quality

Here’s a list of some of the most common problems and what you need to do to avoid them. These tips will help your goldfish colony avoid stress and illness and prevent you from encountering the most frequently encountered pitfalls.

water pouring into a pool of water

Avoid Overfeeding

Do not overfeed your goldfish. Overfeeding leads to increased water waste and ammonia levels that will impact your fish’s health.

Avoid Adding Too Many Goldfish

Overcrowding a fish tank with too many fish will mean they produce more waste than the filtration system can handle. Pay attention to the manufacturer’s guidelines for how many goldfish your tank and filtration system can handle.

Regularly Monitor Water

If you want your goldfish to thrive you should regularly monitor the key parameters mentioned above, including temperature, pH, hardness, and ammonia & nitrite levels. Make adjustments where necessary to ensure a comfortable living environment for the fish.


How Much Water Does Bamboo Need?


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When’s the Best Time to Water Grass?

a water sprinkler watering a lawn

The best time to water grass is in the morning before 10 am. At this time the air temperature is cooler, the sun is not yet high in the sky, and winds tend to be calmer. This allows time for the water to soak into the soil and be absorbed by the grass without being evaporated. Below we cover everything you need to know about when’s the best time to water grass.

Water Needs to Soak Into the Soil

Watering early in the morning has two advantages. It allows plenty of time for the water to soak deep into the soil before it begins to evaporate in the midday sun. And, it allows the grass time to dry and helps prevent fungal infection – more on this below.

Water Deeply & Infrequently

To keep your grass healthy and well watered you should aim to water anytime between 4 am and 10 am in the morning. You should also water deeply and less frequently. This means you should add plenty of water less frequently rather than watering a little more regularly. Deep infrequent watering encourages grass roots to grow deeply in search of water.

How to Avoid Grass Fungal Disease

Watering in the morning also allows time for the grass blades to dry during the day. This helps prevent fungal infections that can damage the grass. Watering grass in the evening or at night is not a good idea.

This does not allow enough time for the grass to dry. Air temperature begins to drop in the evening and if the grass is wet it may remain wet throughout the night until the next day. And, wet grass can lead to nasty fungal diseases.

When’s the Second Best Time to Water Grass?

watering grass using a garden hose

If you can’t water your lawn before 10 am, when is the next best time to water? The next best time to water is between 4 pm and 6 pm. This avoids the hottest part of the day when most of the water will be lost to evaporation. And, it allows time for the grass to dry before night kicks in. Don’t water your grass after 6 pm as this will not allow enough time for the grass blades to dry and leave them prone to infection and disease.

How Much Water Should You Use?

Most lawns need about 1.0 to 1.5 inches of water per week. The best approach is to apply the water in either one or two sessions over the course of the week. Watering any more regularly than this stunts the growth of the grass roots as they do not have to dig deep into the soil in search of water.

lady making a hand gesture and smiling

How Do You Know When to Stop?

How do you know when you’ve applied enough water? Let’s face it, you will not be able to measure out 1.0-1.5 inches of water as you water your lawn. So, an easy of knowing if the grass has received enough moisture is to test the soil it is growing in.

Get a dry stick and push it into the soil until it is at least 8 inches deep. Then slowly withdraw it and measure the depth of moisture on the stick. If the stick shows signs of moisture between 6-8 inches of depth – you’ve added enough water and it’s time to stop.

How Many Times per Week Should You Water?

The best approach is to water your grass – once or twice per week. Infrequent deep watering is better for the grass than regular shallow watering. By watering the grass less regularly you encourage the roots to grow deep into the soil in search of water.

sprinklers watering grass

This results in stronger, healthier grass. Regular shallow may appear more caring but it can stunt the development of the grass. For best results, add plenty of water once or twice every week – early in the morning.


How Much Water Evaporates From a Pool?

What Heavy Metals Are in Tap Water?

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What Water Does a Goldfish Need?

What’s the Best Time to Water Grass in the Summer?

The best time to water grass in the summer is between 4 am and 10 am. This gives the water time to soak into the soil and become available to the roots of the grass. You should avoid watering grass after 10 am during the summer as this will be the start of the hottest time of the day.

summer garden

When the air temperature rises and the sun is high in the sky evaporation becomes an issue. Under these conditions, a lot of the water is lost to evaporation as it rises into the air as water vapor. It just doesn’t get a chance to soak down into the soil.

If you are unable to water your lawn before 10 am during summer months, wait until after 4 pm. This is when the day begins to cool down and the sun lowers in the sky. There is a window between 4 pm and 6 pm you should aim for to water your lawn. However, if you miss this window wait until the next day. Do not water grass after 6 pm.

How Do You Know If Your Lawn Is Getting Enough Water?

What are the telltale signs that a lawn is not getting enough water? When covering ‘when’s the best time to water grass’ – we need to be able to tell if grass is getting enough water.  The good news is, it doesn’t take an experienced gardener to figure out if a lawn is not getting enough.

water with bubbles

There are some very simple signs you should look out for that will tell you your grass is feeling thirsty.  First up, has the lawn lost some of its lush green color? If the grass turns a less vibrant shade of green this is a clear sign the lawn is in need of some water. Another indicator is curled-up grass blades.

When grass blades become dehydrated they begin to curl up and have a dry and husky appearance.  And, a final sign that grass urgently needs water is if it loses its springy nature. If you walk across the grass and it doesn’t bounce back into position as you lift your foot then you need to get the hose or the sprinkler out – it needs watering.



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Warm Water Before Bedtime

woman in bed holding a glass of warm water

Drinking warm water before bedtime has been a popular practice for centuries thanks to its many health benefits. Drinking warm water before sleep promotes relaxation, improves digestion, and boosts detoxification. However, there are some potential drawbacks, such as disrupted sleep and digestive issues. This article covers all you need to know about the advantages and potential side effects of drinking warm water before going to bed.

Drinking Warm Water Before Bedtime

Drinking warm water before bedtime has been a long-standing tradition around the world, especially in Eastern cultures such as China and Japan. The understanding that warm water has many health benefits has been carefully passed down through the generations. In recent times, science is beginning to back up these longstanding beliefs.

man drinking a glass of warm water

Warm water before bedtime has a calming effect on the body that promotes relaxation and prepares the body and mind for a restful night’s sleep. It is also believed to stimulate blood flow and helps aid better digestion. And, warm water is often consumed for its potential to help the body cleanse itself and flush out toxins.

However, it is important to weigh up the pros and the cons of drinking warm water at night and understand that the practice is not for everybody.  Want to get to something quickly? Use the links in the menu below.

Benefits of Drinking Warm Water Before Sleep

What are the benefits of drinking warm water before sleep? Below we take a look at the many advantages of drinking warm water before bedtime.

woman drinking warm water in bed

Enhances Relaxation

Drinking warm water is well known to aid relaxation. It helps calm the mind and reduce anxiety. A quick warm drink is a great way to prepare for bed and to help you unwind. Factoring some warm water into your bedtime routine is a great way to boost your chances of getting a restful sleep.

Aids Digestion

A glass of warm water aids digestion by helping break down food contained within the digestive tract. This process helps relieve constipation and relieve digestive problems. Your digestive system slows down at night and can do with a little helping hand in getting the job done.

Promotes Detoxification

Warm water plays a key role in assisting the body’s natural detoxification process. Detoxification is a vital process that promotes healthy organ function and prevents illness by removing toxins from the body.

When you consume hot water it raises body temperature and boosts blood circulation. It also stimulates sweat. Increased blood flow and sweat allow the body to flush unwanted chemicals and pollutants from the body.

Boosts Hydration

woman drinking a glass of freshly filtered water

Your body must replenish lost fluids by consuming liquids – especially water. Drinking warm water at night hydrates your body and tops up your water levels just before you call it a night. This helps maintain healthy hydration levels while you sleep and keeps you feeling comfortable and healthy.

Improves Mood

Drinking water is well associated with an improved mood. If you are thirsty and quench your thirst you feel much better. Not just physically, but mentally too. Hydration is key to mental health and a positive mood. Better hydration levels and mood lead to better sleep.

Relieves Headaches

Drinking warm water can help relieve a headache. If you find yourself suffering a headache – why not reach for a drink of warm water? It may provide the relief you need to help you drift off to sleep when you climb into bed. Hot drinks are also known to relieve sinus pain and nasal congestion.

Weight Loss

Drinking warm water before bed may help promote weight loss. As we’ve discussed above, warm water helps stimulate your digestive system. This encourages the breakdown and passing of food. And, as your digestive system slows to a near standstill during the night – a helping hand can go a long way. By promoting digestion, warm water before bed may help reduce body weight.

What Are the Side Effects of Drinking Warm Water at Night?

What are the disadvantages of drinking hot water at night? Below we discuss the possible drawbacks and why warm water before sleep is not a good idea for everyone.

warm water in a glass

Interrupted Sleep

If you drink too much warm water you may have to make frequent trips to the bathroom during the night. This leads to interrupted sleep and can leave you feeling tired and drowsy the next day. To avoid regular bathroom trips and low-quality sleep you should limit the amount of warm water you drink before bedtime.

Stomach Issues

People with sensitive stomachs should avoid drinking hot drinks before going to bed. For some, warm water can trigger cramps, bloating, and diarrhea. Other individuals find it can trigger acid reflux – an unpleasant and painful condition where stomach acid travels upwards through the esophagus.

Loss of Electrolytes

Drinking too much water can lead to an electrolyte imbalance. This happens when someone consumes too much water and not enough electrolytes from food sources. The excess volume of water flushes important electrolytes from the body. These need to be restored as soon as possible as part of a healthy diet.

Nutrient Absorption

lady drinking glass of water and smiling

Hot water can reduce the absorption of nutrients from your food. Your body absorbs nutrients during the digestive process by breaking down food using little molecules called enzymes. However, hot water can disrupt these enzymes and limit their ability to extract nutrients.

Night Sweats

Do you suffer from night sweats? When you drink warm water it raises body temperature, boosts blood flow, and can trigger sweating. If you have a problem with night sweats – a hot drink before bedtime may not be a good idea. Maybe, stick to a cold glass of water for better results.

Accidental Scalding

When you drink a hot drink, such as warm water, there’s always a chance of scalding. If you drop your cup or have an accidental spill you could suffer a scalding. The best advice is to drink warm water, not hot water. Aim for a temperature that is pleasant to drink but won’t scald should an accident occur.

Sleep Apnea

There is evidence to suggest that drinking warm water before sleeping can aggravate sleep apnea. If you suffer from sleep apnea you should avoid drinking warm water before bedtime. Consult a medical professional for further advice.


Tips for Drinking Warm Water

Want to try drinking some water before bedtime? Here are some tips for how to get started and how to establish a healthy warm water routine.

man drinking a glass of water

Start Small

If you’re new to drinking warm water before bed, start small and gradually work your way up. A small cup with just half a cup or 4 oz of warm water is a good start.

Grab a Thermal Cup

A thermal cup is great for keeping the water warm. If you want to sip the warm water rather than guzzle it all in one go, try using a thermal cup.

Try Some Flavor

If the taste of warm water is not appealing to you, try adding some flavor. A slice of lemon, a squeeze of honey, and even a little ginger all work wonders.

Timing is Key

Try and drink the warm water at least 30 minutes before going to bed. This allows your body time to absorb it and prevent bloating or discomfort.

Develop a Routine

Once you’ve mastered the steps above, try and make it a routine. Establish a habit of preparing and drinking warm water before climbing into bed.

Stick With It

If you want to truly experience the benefits of drinking warm water you need to stick with it. It can take weeks or even months before you really begin to feel the positive effects.



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test ph of water color codes

How to use pH test strip – just dip it in your test sample, wait 15 seconds, and allow the indicator to change color. Once the color has changed compare it against your color chart to find the pH value of your test sample. It’s that simple.



A pH test strip is a cheap and effective tool you can use at home to measure the pH of your water supply. They are small strips of paper that use a color code to indicate the pH of a solution.

lady making a hand gesture and smiling

They are easy to use, cost-effective, and give quick clear results. PH stips are made from a special type of paper – sometimes called litmus paper.

One tip of the paper has color-coded patches that change color when emersed in a solution. The resultant colors can be checked against a color chart to determine the pH of your water supply.


Using a pH test strip is easy. All you need to do is remove a strip from the packet, immerse it in your test solution, and then wait for 15 seconds for the color change to take effect.

ph test kit

It’s a very straightforward process and you will know the pH of your water in seconds. See below for simple step-by-step instructions on how to use a pH test strip.


The first step in ‘how to use ph test strip’ is to get your water sample ready. Grab a clean glass and add some of the water you want to test. You don’t need a large volume, just enough to dip the end of the test strip into.


Carefully remove a test strip from the packet. PH test strips usually come in small plastic tubs. There will be quite a few in there. Just be careful to only handle the end of the strip that does not have the color indicator.


Dip the color-coded tip of the strip into your water sample. Make sure you submerge all the color patches. The number of color patches varies depending on the strips being used but there are usually 2 to 4.


Remove the water pH test strip from your sample and lay it down on a flat surface. We like to use a piece of clean dry kitchen paper. This way it will soak up any excess water.


Now you have to wait 15 seconds to allow the reaction to occur. You will see the color indicator changing color. The change can happen very rapidly but you should wait 15 seconds to be sure the indicator has finished adjusting color.


The last step involves reading the result. All you have to do is compare the colors on the end of your test strip against the color chart provided. The chart should be on the outside of the packaging or may be included in a pamphlet inside the container.


Most pH indicators come with at least two color patches. You will need to find the corresponding result on the color chart that matches your strip. This often involves looking at a two or three color code combination.


Now you have your result, what does it mean? The pH scale runs from 0 to 14. A score of 7 is neutral. If your water scored 7, this means it is neither acidic nor alkaline. It is neutral and sits right in the middle.

Anything below 7 is acidic and anything above 7 means you have alkaline water. You can use these test strips to test your regular water supply or to test water from an alkaline water machine to see if it is working as designed.


How do you read a water pH test strip? A pH test strip uses litmus paper that changes color to tell you if you have acidic or alkaline water. Once you dip the strip in your water sample it will begin to change color.

using ph test strip colors

Just allow 15 seconds for the color change to take effect and then compare it against the color chart provided with the kit. All you need to do is hold it against the color chart and match it to the colors that most closely resemble your result.

Most pH test strips have more than one color patch. The majority of strips we use have anything from 2 to 4. But 2 color patches are the most common.

The easiest way to read the pH test strip is to hold it up against the color chart and move it along until the two-color patches match a color combination on the chart. Then read the corresponding pH value from the chart.


Testing your drinking water with a pH strip involves the same method as testing any other sample of water. Just prepare a clean dry glass and add a sample of your drinking water.

glass of ionized alkaline water

Then follow the steps outlined above to perform the pH test. Dip the litmus test paper in your sample, wait 15 seconds, and then read your result. If you score above 7, then you have alkaline water.




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A pH test strip color chart is used to determine the result of your pH test. The color chart is usually printed on the outside of the container. Or, it may be included inside the packet in a small pamphlet.

deionized water

The colors range from yellow and pale orange for acidic results to dark orange, green, and even dark blue for acidic results.

Every pH test strip kit is different so you will need to refer to the color chart for your specific kit. But don’t worry they are easy to read and you will have a clear result in seconds.


PH test strips work by changing color. They use a technology called litmus paper. When litmus paper is dipped into a solution it changes color to show how acidic or alkaline the solution is.

They are regularly used in homes to test the acidity/alkalinity of water, urine, and saliva. Litmus paper uses a water-soluble mixture of dyes that change color when exposed to an acid or alkaline substance.

The resultant color can then be read against a chart to determine the pH level of the substance. They are a cheap and relatively accurate way of testing the pH of a solution.

frequently asked questions


You can buy drinking water ph test strips online or in most pharmacies. You can pick up a pack for between $5 to $10. All the big pharmacies carry them, most of the small ones, and you can even find them at your local supermarket.


The color of a pH test strip will change once it is dipped in a test solution. The colors you can expect to see are pale yellow, dark yellow, pale orange, dark orange, pale green, dark green, pale blue, and dark blue.  Each of these corresponds to a specific pH value.


PH test strips are relatively inexpensive. A pack of 50 strips will set you back between $5 – $10 US dollars.  The best advice is to shop around when using pH test strips at home.





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lasy drinking a glass of water

What’s the difference between alkaline water and filtered water? Alkaline water has an elevated pH value of between 7-14. Filtered water is water that has been passed through a water filtration device to remove contaminants. They are two different types of water.


Which type of water is better – alkaline water or filtered water? Alkaline water and filtered water are two completely different types of water.

water ionization

Alkaline water has an elevated pH. This means it is the opposite of acidic water. Alkaline water is better if you want to increase the pH of your water and neutralize excess acidity levels.

Filtered water has been treated to remove contaminants and toxins. It is a way of cleaning water. It purifies water by passing it through a water filter and removing particles and chemicals.

If your drinking water is contaminated and needs to be purified – filtered water is better. By filtering contaminated water you can make it safe to drink.


Alkaline water is any water that has a pH above 7. The pH scale is used to measure how acidic or alkaline a substance is. It runs from 0-14. 

glass of reverse osmosis filtered water in the forest

Anything below 7 is acidic, anything above 7 is alkaline, and 7 is neutral. The higher the value the more alkaline a substance is. Similarly, the lower the value, the more acidic a substance is.

Alkaline water has recently seen a surge in popularity. People claim that drinking alkaline water neutralizes excess acidity in the body and boosts health. However, there is no scientific evidence to support these claims.  For more information on alkaline water – see here.


How is alkaline water made? The best way to make alkaline water is to use an alkaline water ionizer machine. These home appliances use your regular tap water supply and convert it to alkaline water.

woman drinking alkaline water

Other methods for making alkaline water at home include using pH drops, baking soda, lemon juice, vinegar, salt, coconut, and cucumber. For more information on how to make alkaline water at home – click here


What are the advantages of alkaline water? Proponents of alkaline water say that drinking it comes with a whole range of health benefits. But, none of these claims are backed up by scientific evidence.

The potential benefits of alkaline water are better skin health, system detoxification, easing acid reflux, and reducing blood pressure. Although, medical professionals point out that there is no evidence to back up these claims.

Best Alkaline Water Machines 2023



Filtered water is water that has been treated by passing it through a water filtration device to remove contaminants. 

reverse osmosis filtered water in a glass

Bottled mineral water and most tap water supplies are filtered to remove harmful contaminants to make the water safe to drink and taste better. 

To find out if you’re home water supply has been filtered and is safe to drink you should contact your local water provider.


When covering – what’s the difference between alkaline water and filtered water – we need to take a look at the different types of filtered water.  There are many types of water filtration technologies but the aim of every one of them is the same – to remove contaminants from the water.

lady drinking ionized water

Water filtration is used to make water taste better, look better, and safe to drink. Without water filtration, we would all be drinking dirty water.  The four main types of water filters used in the domestic setting are activated carbon filter, reverse osmosis, ion-exchange, and distillation.

Activated Carbon Filter

An activated carbon filter is the most common type of water filter. It is regularly used in domestic water filtration devices. It uses an ‘activated-carbon’ medium to bind contaminants as the water passes through the filter. 

The contaminants are trapped inside the carbon medium while the water is free to pass through. Carbon filters are effective in removing the taste of chlorine, other chemicals, and a wide range of contaminants in your drinking water.

Ion Exchange

An ion-exchange water filter removes contaminants from water in the form of undesirable dissolved ions by replacing them with harmless ions of the same electrical charge from using an ion-exchange resin.

An ion exchange filter is inexpensive and effective for the removal of dissolved inorganics contaminants such as arsenic, fluoride, nitrates, uranium, and sulfates. They are also regenerable for continuous usage.

Reverse Osmosis

Reverse osmosis is an incredibly effective way of filtering water. The process removes up to 99% of all water contaminants to produce high-quality clean water.

Reverse osmosis filtration passes water through a semi-permeable membrane with a pore size so small – it allows water molecules to pass but blocks microscopic contaminants.

The pore size of a reverse osmosis filter membrane can be as small as 0.0001 microns. These membranes greatly reduce the presence of harmful metals, lead, mercury, and microbes.


A distillation filtration system boils source water into steam before condensing it back into water. As water is transformed to steam it leaves behind its contaminants.

It then travels through the distillation apparatus in its gaseous form before being cooled to condense back into water. The filtered cooled water is then collected in a reservoir.




WHAT IS TDS IN WATER? – click here



What are the most common contaminants found in drinking water? According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency there are five types of contaminants in our drinking water: physical, chemical, biological, and radiological.

woman testing water in a lab

Physical – sediment suspended in the water of lakes, rivers, and streams. Often caused by soil erosion.

Chemical – nitrogen, bleach, pesticides, metals, and toxins produced by bacteria, human or animal drugs.

Biological – organisms such as microbes and viruses. Often referred to as microbiological contaminants they include bacteria, viruses, parasites, and protozoa.

Radiological – radiological contaminants are hazardous unstable atoms that emit hazardous ionizing radiation. Cesium, uranium, and plutonium are examples of radiological contaminants. You definitely don’t want these in your drinking water.

frequently asked questions


Alkaline water and filtered water are two completely different types of water. Alkaline water is better if you want high pH water with higher than normal alkalinity.

Filtered water is better if you want clean, purified water.  It has been passed through a water filtration system to remove contaminants. Water filtration purifies water to remove harmful substances and make it safe for drinking.


No, alkaline water is not just filtered water. Alkaline water is a special type of water that has an increased level of alkalinity. It is the opposite of acidic water.

Alkaline water has a pH above 7. Some people drink it for its potential health benefits – but there is no evidence to back up these health claims.






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cup of coffee made using alkaline water

Is alkaline water good in coffee? Yes, alkaline water is great for coffee – it makes it taste better! Alkaline water extracts more flavor from coffee beans and makes a much better-tasting cup of coffee. For the best tasting coffee use alkaline water with a pH of up to 8.5. The science is there to prove it.


Yes, alkaline water is great for making coffee. If you like coffee, you’ll love alkaline water. Like Bonnie and Clyde, when you put the two together they form a potent couple.

water pouring into a pool of water

Alkaline water intensifies the aroma and flavor of coffee. Its alkaline properties perfectly complement the natural acidity of coffee.

Coffee is an acidic compound and the addition of alkaline water balances the acidity to enhance the taste and bring the subtle flavors to the fore.


Alkaline water increases the flavor of coffee. Alkaline water extracts more flavor from the coffee beans compared to regular water and creates a more fragrant beverage.

And the science is there to prove it. A study by the University of New South Wales found that using alkaline water improved the flavor extracted from coffee beans.

They concluded that water with a pH of 7.0-8.5 resulted in the most flavor extraction and the best tasting cup of coffee.  You can make alkaline water at home using an alkaline water machine.


Alkaline water improves the taste, enhances the aroma, and neutralizes the natural acidity of coffee. It is a great choice of water for making coffee – and if you haven’t tried it yet, you should give it a go.

coffee cup on a table

For the best results, choose an alkaline water with a pH of between 7 and 8.5. The pH scale runs from 0 to 14, and anything above 7 is alkaline.

Using alkaline water to brew your coffee takes the edge off its strong acidity levels and allows you better appreciate the complex flavors and aromas of the coffee bean.  Think of it like adding a little water to whiskey.

To truly appreciate the aroma of a high-end aged whiskey you need to add a little water to ‘loosen’ the flavors.  Alkaline water acts as the perfect counterbalance to the sharp acidity of a regular coffee.

It’s a real treat for your taste buds.  Check out our full guide to the Benefits of Alkaline Waterover here.


Coffee is a naturally acidic drink. It has a pH of 4.7-5.0 depending on the beans and brewing technique used. Anything below 7 on the pH scale is an acidic compound.

glass of alkaline water in the forest

Coffee contains a wide range of acids, but the main players are chlorogenic, citric, malic, quinic, phosphoric, linoleic, and acetic acid. Alkaline water helps ‘balance out’ this acidity.


Chlorogenic acid is the most prominent acid found in coffee. It’s also what gives coffee some of its best flavors. It is found in higher concentrations in light roast coffee. It is a type of phenolic acid and may play a role in glucose regulation.


This is another acid that is present in high quantities in coffee. It adds a pleasant fruity flavor to the coffee – an aroma that is favored by many. It is highly soluble and readily passes from the bean to water during the brewing process.


Malic acid imparts a fruity flavor to the coffee similar to apples and plums. It is depleted during the roasting process – so the darker the roast the lower the malic acid content.


Quinic acid is formed when chlorogenic acid is broken down during the roasting process. It is most noticeable in brewed coffee that has been left sitting on the heater too long and imparts a sour unpleasant taste.


Phosphoric acid makes up less than 1% of a cup of coffee. However, it is one of the most potent acids found in coffee. And, it has no taste. It adds nothing to the flavor. It is believed phosphoric acid originates from the hydrolysis of phytic acid in the soil.


Linoleic acid is a fatty acid. It is found in coffee in very low concentrations. The levels of linoleic acid in coffee are affected by the soil type and altitude at which the bean is grown. Linoleic acid is part of the omega-6 fatty acid family and is used to boost heart and blood health.


Acetic acid is best known for the sharp bitter taste it gives to vinegar. It is found in coffee in low doses and gives it a sharp refreshing flavor. If the level of acetic acid is too high in a coffee it suffers an unpleasant vinegary taste.


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frequently asked questions


Does Alkaline Water Make Coffee Taste Better?

Yes, alkaline water makes coffee taste better. Alkaline water extracts more flavor from the coffee bean compared to regular water. This results in a better-tasting cup of coffee.

Does Using Alkaline Water Make Coffee Less Acidic?

Yes, using alkaline water instead of regular water makes your cup of coffee less acidic. Coffee is naturally acidic with a pH of 4.7-5.0. When you add alkaline water to your coffee it increases its pH and brings it closer to the neutral value of 7.

Can You Make Coffee With Alkaline Water?

Yes, you can make coffee with alkaline water. Making coffee with alkaline water is a great idea. It will boost the flavor of your brew and help neutralize its natural acidity.  We recommend it.

What Does Coffee With Alkaline Water Taste Like?

It tastes great. Studies have shown that coffee made using alkaline water has more flavor. Alkaline water increases the amount of flavor and aroma that is extracted from the coffee bean.

What’s The Best Water pH For Coffee?

The best water pH for coffee is 7.0-8.5. According to a study performed by the University of New South Wales in Australia, using water with a pH of 7.0-8.5 extracts the best flavor from coffee beans.



How To Test Water Hardness

Can Water Be Too Pure For Drinking?

Ionized Water vs Deionized Water

Water Softener vs. Water Filter?

Pros & Cons of Reverse Osmosis Water

Are There Minerals in Tap Water?

Pros & Cons of an Alkaline Water Pitcher


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glass of ionized water sitting on a rock

Testing water hardness at home is easy. You can use the simple ‘bottle and soap’ method or buy a hard water test strip kit online. Both methods are very easy to perform and take just seconds to show results. If you’d prefer a professional analysis you can send a water sample to a test lab.


There are several methods you can use to test the level of hardness of your water supply. The first two methods we will look at are DIY tests you can do at home.

water in a glass with ice

They are easy to perform and will give you a good indication of the level of hardness of your water. The final method involves getting an accurate reading from a professional water testing lab.


This is a really simple and cheap method to test for hard water at home. All you need is a clean transparent bottle – like a plastic water bottle.

Fill the bottle two-thirds with water. Then, add some liquid hand soap. It has to be regular soap – don’t use detergent or dish washing liquid.

Then, put the cap back on the bottle and shake it vigorously for 10 seconds. After shaking place the bottle on your countertop and take a look at the solution.

If a large amount of suds formed at the top and the water below remains clear – you have soft water. If little to no suds formed and you have cloudy water below – then you have hard water.


A more accurate way to test your water is to use a hard water test strip kit. These kits are inexpensive and can be easily picked up online.

The testing process is simple. First up, remove one of the test strips from the pack. Then either immerse it in a glass of water or hold it under a running tap for a few seconds.

The test strip will then change color as a chemical reaction takes effect. All you need to do is compare the color against the color chart provided for your result.

This will give you a clear result and tell you if you have a hard or soft water supply in your home.


The most comprehensive and accurate method is to take a water sample and send it to a water testing laboratory for professional analysis. This method will take time to process and cost quite a bit more money.

woman testing water in a lab

Your best bet is to try the home DIY methods mentioned above first. Then, if you feel your water needs more comprehensive analysis – send it to a testing lab. They can also test for chlorine, nitrates, pH, heavy metals, and microbes.


Water hardness is the amount of dissolved calcium and magnesium in your water. Hard water has a high level of dissolved calcium and magnesium. And, soft water has a low level.

glass of alkaline water sitting on a table

Hard water and soft water both look the same – so you won’t be able to tell them apart just by looking at them.


Water becomes hard when it absorbs calcium and magnesium minerals as it passes through rocks. Mineral absorption is a natural process and is very common across the United States.

Hard water is not bad for your health. In fact, it may even have some health benefits due to its high mineral content.

Water hardness is expressed in ‘grains per gallon’ or ‘milligrams per liter’. Hard water contains 7.0-10.5 grains per gallon.


• HOW TO USE A PH TEST STRIP – click here


While hard water is not bad for your health it can lead to several problems throughout the house. The mineral high water can damage home appliances, clog your plumbing, and leave unwanted residues.

a drop of water falling into a pool of water

When hard water is heated it creates a white-colored deposit called limescale. You may notice limescale build-up in your kettle or dishwasher if you have a hard water supply.

Hard water also causes problems with your laundry. The minerals in the water interact with the detergent and stop it from working effectively. It can leave clothes feeling stiff and weaken fabrics – meaning clothes get worn out more quickly.


So, now that we know what hard water is and the damage it can cause we need to look at how to resolve the problem. How do you fix hard water?

a glass of water

For most people removing water hardness is not a priority. It does not damage our health and the minerals it contains may actually help us. And, it tastes better than soft water.

There are several hard water treatments you can use at home. The most effective option is to use an ion exchange water softener.


This device uses a mechanical process where the hard water is fed through a collection of tiny plastic resin beads.

As the hard water flows through the beads an electric charge is used to attract the calcium and magnesium ions and then lock them in place. This way they are removed from the water.

The downside of using an ion exchange softener is that it adds sodium to your supply. As the hardness ions are trapped inside the device, sodium is released and added to the water.


If you are interested in reviewing your water hardness by location – the good people over at flixwater have created an online tool that allows you to do just that. Check it out – over here.

water pouring from a bottle

Interestingly, over 30% of cities in the US have a very hard water supply. while just 4% benefit from soft water. The city with the hardest water supply is Bullhead City on the banks of the Colorado River in Arizona.

frequently asked questions

How To Test Water Hardness At Home FAQ

How Can You Tell If Your Water Is Hard or Soft?

The easiest way to tell if your water is hard or soft is to perform the ‘soap and bottle’ test. Just put some water in a transparent bottle, add some hand soap and give it a good shake.

If very little or no suds form and the water looks a little cloudy – you’ve got hard water. If you’ve got lots of suds and clear water – you have soft water.

What Is A Good Number For Water Hardness?

Water hardness can be measured in several different ways – grains/gallon, milligrams/liter, or parts per million. See the figures below for details on water hardness based on these values.

water hardness defined by measurement numbers

What Is The Unit of Water Hardness?

Water hardness can be measured in grains/gallon, milligrams/liter, or parts per million. In the US the unit used is grains/gallon (grains/gal), while in Europe milligrams/liter (mg/l) is the preferred unit of measurement.

What Is The Main Cause Of Hard Water?

Water hardness occurs naturally as water passes through rock formations in the earth. It collects calcium and magnesium mineral deposits as it comes into contact with rocks. And, it is the presence of these dissolved minerals in the water that causes hardness.

At What Hardness Do You Need To Use A Water Softener?

Most people do not treat water to remove hardness. Water hardness is not detrimental to your health. In fact, the presence of high levels of minerals might be good for you.

If you feel hard water is causing you problems you can choose to treat it at any stage. The most common way to treat a home water supply is to use an ion exchange water softener device.

How Do I Know If I’m In A Hard Water Area?

If you live in the United States you can check online to see if you live in a hard water area. There are several free tools you can use to check the city you live in or use your zip code. A quick google search will take you to one of these sites.




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